冬奥会词汇:“破纪录”可以怎么说?
发布时间: 2018-02-28   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 平昌冬奥会 破纪录 北外网院 北外网课 北外英语在职研

 

本届平昌冬奥会,很多运动员都打破了世界纪录。在英语口语里说到打破纪录,我们常常会用到break a record。今天来讲讲它的多样表达。

1. set a record

They want to set a record by making Buffalo's largest cookie.

他们想打破布法罗最大的曲奇的纪录。

I checked the sales receipts, and we've just set a record.

我看过了营业额,我们刚创下新纪录。

【小知识】

如果说set/put the record straight,就跟打破纪录没多大关系了,它的意思是陈述真相;澄清是非。

She's decided to write her memoirs to set the record straight once and for all.

她决定撰写回忆录以彻底澄清事实。

2. chalk up records

chalk sth up的意思是获(胜);得(分),比如:

New world records in the track and field events are chalked up from time to time in the past few years.

近几年来经常出现新的世界田径纪录。

3. create/establish/make/register a new record

She established a new European record in the high jump.

她创造了欧洲跳高的新纪录。

4. beat/smash/shatter a previous record

beat、smash和shatter都有打、打破的意思,这几个词是不是比break更激烈更生动呢?

She beat the world record in the three events she entered on her way to two gold medals and a silver.

她在三项竞赛中打破了世界纪录,获得两枚金牌和一枚银牌。

The film shattered all previous box office records.

这部电影打破了以往所有的票房纪录。

5. surpass all previous records

surpass的意思是超过,优于,胜过,比如:

His time for the 100 meters surpassed the previous world record by one hundredth of a second.

他以0.01秒的优势打破了100米短跑的前世界纪录。

形容出乎意料就可以用到这个词哦:

The book's success has surpassed everyone's expectations.

这本书获得了出乎所有人意料的成功。

口语里也有刷新纪录的表达,可以翻译为:amend/rewrite/renew/better/improve a record。

好啦,既然本篇重点就是record,介绍两个习语吧。

①off the record 私下说的;不供发表的

She made it clear that her comments were strictly off the record.

她说得很清楚,她的这些评论绝不许对外公布。

②on the record 公开发表;公开表明

None of the company directors were prepared to comment on the record yesterday.

昨天,公司董事没有哪个准备公开发表意见。

(来源:爱思英语)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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